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Copa südamerika

copa südamerika

Die Copa América wird die Ausspielung der südamerikanischen Kontinentalmeisterschaft im Fußball sein und findet zum fünften Mal nach , Copa Libertadores Aktuelle Meldungen, Termine und Ergebnisse, Tabelle. Copa America Live-Ticker auf betonkft.eu bietet Livescore, Resultate, Copa America Ergebnisse und Spieldetails (Torschützen, rote Karten, ).

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Also in the twentieth century, Suriname was established as a constituent kingdom of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and Guyana retained the British monarch as head of state for 4 years after its independence.

Recently, an intergovernmental entity has been formed which aims to merge the two existing customs unions: Mercosur and the Andean Community , thus forming the third-largest trade bloc in the world.

South America has over million [1] inhabitants and a population growth rate of about 0. There are several areas of sparse demographics such as tropical forests , the Atacama Desert and the icy portions of Patagonia.

On the other hand, the continent presents regions of high population density, such as the great urban centers. The population is formed by descendants of Europeans mainly Spaniards , Portuguese and Italians , Africans and indigenous peoples.

There is a high percentage of mestizos that vary greatly in composition by place. There is also a minor population of Asians , especially in Brazil.

The two main languages are by far Spanish and Portuguese, followed by French, English and Dutch in smaller numbers. Spanish and Portuguese are the most spoken languages in South America, with approximately million speakers each.

Spanish is the official language of most countries, along with other native languages in some countries. Portuguese is the official language of Brazil.

Dutch is the official language of Suriname ; English is the official language of Guyana , although there are at least twelve other languages spoken in the country, including Portuguese , Chinese , Hindustani and several native languages.

At least three South American indigenous languages Quechua, Aymara, and Guarani are recognized along with Spanish as national languages.

Welsh remains spoken and written in the historic towns of Trelew and Rawson in the Argentine Patagonia. There are also small clusters of Japanese -speakers in Brazil, Colombia and Peru.

Crypto-Jews or Marranos , conversos , and Anusim were an important part of colonial life in Latin America. Korean Confucianism is especially found in Brazil while Chinese Buddhism and Chinese Confucianism have spread throughout the continent.

Kardecist Spiritism can be found in several countries. Part of Religions in South America Genetic admixture occurs at very high levels in South America.

The native European population is also a significant element in most other former Portuguese colonies. People who identify as of primarily or totally European descent , or identify their phenotype as corresponding to such group, are more of a majority in Argentina, [64] and Uruguay [65] and more than half of the population of Chile Mestizos mixed European and Amerindian are the largest ethnic group in Paraguay, Venezuela, Colombia [71] and Ecuador and the second group in Peru.

South America is also home to one of the largest populations of Africans. In many places indigenous people still practice a traditional lifestyle based on subsistence agriculture or as hunter-gatherers.

There are still some uncontacted tribes residing in the Amazon Rainforest. The most populous country in South America is Brazil with The second largest country is Colombia with a population of 48,, Argentina is the third most populous country with 43,, While Brazil, Argentina, and Colombia maintain the largest populations, large city populations are not restricted to those nations.

These cities are the only cities on the continent to exceed eight million, and three of five in the Americas. Five of the top ten metropolitan areas are in Brazil.

Whilst the majority of the largest metropolitan areas are within Brazil, Argentina is host to the second largest metropolitan area by population in South America: South America has also been witness to the growth of megapolitan areas.

The top ten largest South American metropolitan areas by population as of , based on national census numbers from each country:. Since , the continent has experienced remarkable growth and diversification in most economic sectors.

Most agricultural and livestock products are destined for the domestic market and local consumption. However, the export of agricultural products is essential for the balance of trade in most countries.

The main agrarian crops are export crops, such as soy and wheat. The production of staple foods such as vegetables, corn or beans is large, but focused on domestic consumption.

Livestock raising for meat exports is important in Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay and Colombia. In tropical regions the most important crops are coffee , cocoa and bananas , mainly in Brazil, Colombia and Ecuador.

Traditionally, the countries producing sugar for export are Peru, Guyana and Suriname, and in Brazil, sugar cane is also used to make ethanol.

On the coast of Peru, northeast and south of Brazil, cotton is grown. Fifty percent of the South American surface is covered by forests, but timber industries are small and directed to domestic markets.

In recent years, however, transnational companies have been settling in the Amazon to exploit noble timber destined for export. The Pacific coastal waters of South America are the most important for commercial fishing.

The anchovy catch reaches thousands of tons, and tuna is also abundant Peru is a major exporter. The capture of crustaceans is remarkable, particularly in northeastern Brazil and Chile.

In the tourism sector, a series of negotiations began in to promote tourism and increase air connections within the region.

Industries in South America began to take on the economies of the region from the s when the Great Depression in the United States and other countries of the world boosted industrial production in the continent.

From that period the region left the agricultural side behind and began to achieve high rates of economic growth that remained until the early s when they slowed due to political instabilities, economic crises and neoliberal policies.

Since the end of the economic crisis in Brazil and Argentina that occurred in the period from to , which has led to economic recession , rising unemployment and falling population income, the industrial and service sectors have been recovering rapidly.

All of South America after this period has been recovering and showing good signs of economic stability, with controlled inflation and exchange rates, continuous growth, a decrease in social inequality and unemployment—factors that favor industry.

The main industries are: The economic gap between the rich and poor in most South American nations is larger than on most other continents.

Tourism has increasingly become a significant source of income for many South American countries. Historical relics, architectural and natural wonders, a diverse range of foods and culture, vibrant and colorful cities, and stunning landscapes attract millions of tourists every year to South America.

In Brazil hosted the Summer Olympics. South Americans are culturally influenced by their indigenous peoples, the historic connection with the Iberian Peninsula and Africa, and waves of immigrants from around the globe.

South American nations have a rich variety of music. People on the Peruvian coast created the fine guitar and cajon duos or trios in the most mestizo mixed of South American rhythms such as the Marinera from Lima , the Tondero from Piura , the 19th century popular Creole Valse or Peruvian Valse, the soulful Arequipan Yaravi, and the early 20th century Paraguayan Guarania.

In the late 20th century, Spanish rock emerged by young hipsters influenced by British pop and American rock.

Brazil has a Portuguese-language pop rock industry as well a great variety of other music genres. Bahia , Brazil, is especially well known for its West African—influenced cuisine.

The Paraguayan version, terere , differs from other forms of mate in that it is served cold. Pisco is a liquor distilled from grapes in Peru and Chile.

The Colombian Fernando Botero is one of the greatest exponents of painting and sculpture that continues still active and has been able to develop a recognizable style of his own.

Currently several emerging South American artists are recognized by international art critics: A wide range of sports are played in the continent of South America, with football being the most popular overall, while baseball is the most popular in Venezuela.

Other sports include basketball , cycling , polo , volleyball , futsal , motorsports , rugby mostly in Argentina and Uruguay , handball , tennis , golf , field hockey , boxing and cricket.

Argentina and Uruguay have two titles each. So far four South American nations have hosted the tournament including the first edition in Uruguay The other three were Brazil , , Chile , and Argentina The first edition was held in La Paz in and the most recent took place in Santiago in South American Cricket Championship is an international limited-overs cricket tournament played since featuring national teams from South America and certain other invited sides including teams from North America, currently played annually but until was usually played every two seasons.

In the Andes , navigation possibilities are limited, except for the Magdalena River, Lake Titicaca and the lakes of the southern regions of Chile and Argentina.

Irrigation is an important factor for agriculture from northwestern Peru to Patagonia. Brazil and Argentina are the only South American countries that generate nuclear power , each with two nuclear power plants.

In these countries signed a peaceful nuclear cooperation agreement. South American transportation systems are still deficient, with low kilometric densities.

Only two railroads are continental: In addition, there is the Pan-American Highway , which crosses the Andean countries from north to south, although some stretches are unfinished.

Two areas of greater density occur in the railway sector: Brazil and Argentina also stand out in the road sector. In addition to the modern roads that extend through northern Argentina and south-east and south of Brazil, a vast road complex aims to link Brasilia , the federal capital, to the South, Southeast, Northeast and Northern regions of Brazil.

The Port of Callao is the main port of Peru. The two main merchant fleets also belong to Brazil and Argentina.

The following are those of Chile, Venezuela, Peru and Colombia. The main public transport in major cities is the bus.

Many cities also have a diverse system of metro and subway trains, the first of which was the Buenos Aires subte , opened In Rio de Janeiro was installed the first railroad of the continent, in Today the city has a vast and diversified system of metropolitan trains, integrated with buses and subway.

In some parts of the world South America is viewed as a subcontinent of the Americas [] a single continent in these areas , for example Latin America, Latin Europe, and Iran.

In most of the countries with English as an official language, however, it is considered a continent; see Americas terminology. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

A continent in the Western Hemisphere, and mostly in the Southern Hemisphere. This article needs additional citations for verification.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Geography of South America.

Environment of South America. History of South America. Spanish colonization of the Americas and Portuguese colonization of the Americas.

By country or region. Slavery among the indigenous peoples of the Americas and Atlantic slave trade. Spanish American wars of independence and Independence of Brazil.

List of South American countries by population and List of sovereign states and dependent territories in South America by median age of population.

Religion in Latin America. Ethnic groups in South America. Their language is co-official in Peru and Bolivia. Traditional lifestyle includes llama herding.

Juris Kuna live on the Colombia — Panama border. Mapuche — lives mainly in southern Chile and Argentina. Quechuas — makes up a large part of the population of Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia.

Are diverse as an ethnic group. The Incas spoke Southern Quechua. This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.

National Library , Brazil. Arya Dewaker Hindu temple, Paramaribo , Suriname. Tango show in Buenos Aires , typical Argentine dance. Carmen Miranda , Portuguese Brazilian singer helped popularize samba internationally.

Sport in South America. South America portal Geography portal. Retrieved 10 September Retrieved 19 October Retrieved September 2, In some parts of the world students are taught that there are only six continents, as they combine North America and South America into one continent called the Americas.

Estudos Internacionais 2 2: Archived from the original on March 3, Somehow, more than a million people squeeze life from this parched land".

Archived from the original on April 8, Archived from the original PDF on Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorlogical Laboratory.

National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 9 June Archived from the original on Oxford Atlas of World History.

Oxford University Press, The Atlantic Slave Trade and British abolition, — Archived from the original on 13 March Retrieved 16 March Based on "records for 27, voyages that set out to obtain slaves for the Americas".

Archived from the original on 3 March Retrieved 27 March Retrieved 11 November Michael Joseph, , Naval Institute Press, , Archived from the original on 28 January Aid, Institutions, and Globalization.

Journal of Latin American Studies. Archived from the original PDF on 10 May Retrieved 4 April Retrieved 31 December Journal of Medical Genetics.

Federal Research Division, Library of Congress. Retrieved 28 May Archived from the original on December 4, Archived from the original PDF on 20 September Human development indices" PDF.

Retrieved 19 April A Panel Data Approach. Andes, Agencia de Noticias. Museo de Bellas Artes de Bilbao.

Wall papper, Art News. Museo de Bellas Artes. Retrieved 22 April Image of the Day". Retrieved 18 September Archived from the original on September 30, Andean Community Mercosur Transportation.

Languages endangered Social and financial rankings Universities. Countries by population density Ethnic groups indigenous peoples classification Immigration Life expectancy.

Countries and dependencies of South America. Continents of the world. First match es will be played on 16 June O Globo in Portuguese. Retrieved 26 October Allianz recebe os outros jogos em SP" in Portuguese.

Retrieved 5 April Retrieved 12 April Retrieved 4 May Retrieved 19 October Retrieved 18 December UOL Esporte in Portuguese.

Retrieved from " https: Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last edited on 30 January , at By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Itaipava Arena Fonte Nova. Advance to knockout stage. Possible knockout stage based on ranking. Third place Group A.

Therefore, South America and Africa share similar fossils and rock layers. South America is thought to have been first inhabited by humans when people were crossing the Bering Land Bridge now the Bering Strait at least 15, years ago from the territory that is present-day Russia.

The first evidence for the existence of the human race in South America dates back to about BC, when squashes , chili peppers and beans began to be cultivated for food in the highlands of the Amazon Basin.

Pottery evidence further suggests that manioc , which remains a staple food today, was being cultivated as early as BC. By BC, many agrarian communities had been settled throughout the Andes and the surrounding regions.

Fishing became a widespread practice along the coast, helping establish fish as a primary source of food. Irrigation systems were also developed at this time, which aided in the rise of an agrarian society.

Besides their use as sources of meat and wool, these animals were used for transportation of goods. The rise of plant growing and the subsequent appearance of permanent human settlements allowed for the multiple and overlapping beginnings of civilizations in South America.

One of the earliest known South American civilizations was at Norte Chico , on the central Peruvian coast.

Though a pre-ceramic culture, the monumental architecture of Norte Chico is contemporaneous with the pyramids of Ancient Egypt. Around the 7th century, both Tiahuanaco and Wari or Huari Empire —, Central and northern Peru expanded its influence to all the Andean region, imposing the Huari urbanism and Tiahuanaco religious iconography.

The Muisca were the main indigenous civilization in what is now Colombia. They established the Muisca Confederation of many clans, or cacicazgos , that had a free trade network among themselves.

They were goldsmiths and farmers. Other important Pre-Columbian cultures include: Holding their capital at the great city of Cusco , the Inca civilization dominated the Andes region from to Known as Tawantin suyu , and "the land of the four regions," in Quechua , the Inca Empire was highly distinct and developed.

Inca rule extended to nearly a hundred linguistic or ethnic communities, some 9 to 14 million people connected by a 25, kilometer road system.

Cities were built with precise, unmatched stonework, constructed over many levels of mountain terrain. Terrace farming was a useful form of agriculture.

In , Portugal and Spain , the two great maritime European powers of that time, on the expectation of new lands being discovered in the west, signed the Treaty of Tordesillas , by which they agreed, with the support of the Pope, that all the land outside Europe should be an exclusive duopoly between the two countries.

In terms of the treaty, all land to the west of the line known to comprise most of the South American soil would belong to Spain, and all land to the east, to Portugal.

As accurate measurements of longitude were impossible at that time, the line was not strictly enforced, resulting in a Portuguese expansion of Brazil across the meridian.

Beginning in the s, the people and natural resources of South America were repeatedly exploited by foreign conquistadors , first from Spain and later from Portugal.

These competing colonial nations claimed the land and resources as their own and divided it in colonies. After this, African slaves , who had developed immunities to these diseases, were quickly brought in to replace them.

The Spaniards were committed to converting their native subjects to Christianity and were quick to purge any native cultural practices that hindered this end; however, many initial attempts at this were only partially successful, as native groups simply blended Catholicism with their established beliefs and practices.

Eventually, the natives and the Spaniards interbred, forming a mestizo class. At the beginning, many mestizos of the Andean region were offspring of Amerindian mothers and Spanish fathers.

After independence, most mestizos had native fathers and European or mestizo mothers. Many native artworks were considered pagan idols and destroyed by Spanish explorers; this included many gold and silver sculptures and other artifacts found in South America, which were melted down before their transport to Spain or Portugal.

Spaniards and Portuguese brought the western European architectural style to the continent, and helped to improve infrastructures like bridges, roads, and the sewer system of the cities they discovered or conquered.

They also significantly increased economic and trade relations, not just between the old and new world but between the different South American regions and peoples.

Finally, with the expansion of the Portuguese and Spanish languages, many cultures that were previously separated became united through that of Latin American.

Guyana was first a Dutch, and then a British colony , though there was a brief period during the Napoleonic Wars when it was colonized by the French.

The country was once partitioned into three parts, each being controlled by one of the colonial powers until the country was finally taken over fully by the British.

Indigenous peoples of the Americas in various European colonies were forced to work in European plantations and mines; along with African slaves who were also introduced in the proceeding centuries.

The colonists were heavily dependent on indigenous labor during the initial phases of European settlement to maintain the subsistence economy, and natives were often captured by expeditions.

The importation of African slaves began midway through the 16th century, but the enslavement of indigenous peoples continued well into the 17th and 18th centuries.

The Atlantic slave trade brought African slaves primarily to South American colonies, beginning with the Portuguese since While the Portuguese, English and French settlers enslaved mainly African blacks, the Spaniards became very disposed of the natives.

In Portugal abolished native slavery in the colonies because they considered them unfit for labour and began to import even more African slaves.

Slaves were brought to the mainland on so-called slave ships , under inhuman conditions and ill-treatment, and those who survived were sold into the slave markets.

After independence, all South American countries maintained slavery for some time. The first South American country to abolish slavery was Chile in , Uruguay in , Bolivia in , Colombia and Ecuador in , Argentina in , Peru and Venezuela in , Paraguay in , and in Brazil was the last South American nation and the last country in western world to abolish slavery.

The European Peninsular War — , a theater of the Napoleonic Wars , changed the political situation of both the Spanish and Portuguese colonies.

This appointment provoked severe popular resistance, which created Juntas to rule in the name of the captured king.

Many cities in the Spanish colonies, however, considered themselves equally authorized to appoint local Juntas like those of Spain.

This began the Spanish American wars of independence between the patriots, who promoted such autonomy, and the royalists , who supported Spanish authority over the Americas.

The Juntas, in both Spain and the Americas, promoted the ideas of the Enlightenment. Five years after the beginning of the war, Ferdinand VII returned to the throne and began the Absolutist Restoration as the royalists got the upper hand in the conflict.

He organized a fleet to reach Peru by sea, and sought the military support of various rebels from the Viceroyalty of Peru. The two armies finally met in Guayaquil, Ecuador , where they cornered the Royal Army of the Spanish Crown and forced its surrender.

The newly independent nations began a process of fragmentation, with several civil and international wars. However, it was not as strong as in Central America.

Rather, he was making a political statement in opposition to the monarchist and centralist ideas that back then permeated Buenos Aires politics.

The "country" was reincorporated at the United Provinces in Three years later, the United Kingdom intervened in the question by proclaiming a tie and creating in the former Cisplatina a new independent country: The Oriental Republic of Uruguay.

Later in , while Brazil was experiencing the chaos of the regency, Rio Grande do Sul proclaimed its independence motivated by a tax crisis.

With the anticipation of the coronation of Pedro II to the throne of Brazil, the country could stabilize and fight the separatists, which the province of Santa Catarina had joined in The Conflict came to an end by a process of compromise by which both Riograndense Republic and Juliana Republic were reincorporated as provinces in The Peru—Bolivian Confederation , a short-lived union of Peru and Bolivia, was blocked by Chile in the War of the Confederation — and again during the War of the Pacific — Paraguay was virtually destroyed by Argentina and Brazil in the Paraguayan War.

South American history in early 19th century was built almost exclusively on wars. Despite the Spanish American wars of independence and the Brazilian War of Independence , the new nations quickly began to suffer with internal conflicts and wars among themselves.

The result was a stalemate, ending with the British arranging for the independence of Uruguay. Soon after, another Brazilian province proclaimed its independence leading to the Ragamuffin War which Brazil won.

Between and the War of the Confederation broke out between the short-lived Peru-Bolivian Confederation and Chile , with the support of the Argentine Confederation.

The war was fought mostly in the actual territory of Peru and ended with a Confederate defeat and the dissolution of the Confederacy and annexation of many territories by Argentina.

Meanwhile, the Argentine Civil Wars plagued Argentina since its independence. The conflict was mainly between those who defended the centralization of power in Buenos Aires and those who defended a confederation.

During this period it can be said that "there were two Argentines": At the same time the political instability in Uruguay led to the Uruguayan Civil War among the main political factions of the country.

All this instability in the platine region interfered with the goals of other countries such as Brazil, which was soon forced to take sides.

In the Brazilian Empire , supporting the centralizing unitarians, and the Uruguayan government invaded Argentina and deposed the caudillo, Juan Manuel Rosas , who ruled the confederation with an iron hand.

Although the Platine War did not put an end to the political chaos and civil war in Argentina, it brought temporary peace to Uruguay where the Colorados faction won, supported by the Brazilian Empire , British Empire , French Empire and the Unitarian Party of Argentina.

Peace lasted only a short time: The Blancos supported by Paraguay started to attack Brazilian and Argentine farmers near the borders.

The Empire made an initial attempt to settle the dispute between Blancos and Colorados without success. Brazil declined to acknowledge a formal state of war, and, for most of its duration, the Uruguayan—Brazilian armed conflict was an undeclared war which led to the deposition of the Blancos and the rise of the pro-Brazilian Colorados to power again.

This angered the Paraguayan government, which even before the end of the war invaded Brazil, beginning the biggest and deadliest war in both South American and Latin American histories: His attempt to cross Argentinian territory without Argentinian approval led the pro-Brazilian Argentine government into the war.

The pro-Brazilian Uruguayan government showed its support by sending troops. In the three countries signed the Treaty of the Triple Alliance against Paraguay.

At the beginning of the war, the Paraguayans took the lead with several victories, until the Triple Alliance organized to repel the invaders and fight effectively.

This was the second total war experience in the world after the American Civil War. It was deemed the greatest war effort in the history of all participating countries, taking almost 6 years and ending with the complete devastation of Paraguay.

The dictator Lopez was killed in battle and a new government was instituted in alliance with Brazil, which maintained occupation forces in the country until In the war began with Chilean troops occupying Bolivian ports, followed by Bolivia declaring war on Chile which activated an alliance treaty with Peru.

The Bolivians were completely defeated in and Lima was occupied in The peace was signed with Peru in while a truce was signed with Bolivia in Chile annexed territories of both countries leaving Bolivia with no path to the sea.

In the new century, as wars became less violent and less frequent, Brazil entered into a small conflict with Bolivia for the possession of the Acre, which was acquired by Brazil in In Brazil declared war on the Central Powers and join the allied side in the World War I , sending a small fleet to the Mediterranean Sea and some troops to be integrated with the British and French troops.

Also in this period the first naval battle of World War II was fought on the continent, in the River Plate , between British forces and German submarines.

Brazil sent naval and air forces to combat German and Italian submarines off the continent and throughout the South Atlantic, in addition to sending an expeditionary force to fight in the Italian Campaign.

A brief war was fought between Argentina and the UK in , following an Argentine invasion of the Falkland Islands , which ended with an Argentine defeat.

The last international war to be fought on South American soil was the Cenepa War between Ecuador and the Peru along their mutual border.

Wars became less frequent in the 20th century, with Bolivia-Paraguay and Peru-Ecuador fighting the last inter-state wars. Early in the 20th century, the three wealthiest South American countries engaged in a vastly expensive naval arms race which was catalyzed by the introduction of a new warship type, the " dreadnought ".

At one point, the Argentine government was spending a fifth of its entire yearly budget for just two dreadnoughts, a price that did not include later in-service costs, which for the Brazilian dreadnoughts was sixty percent of the initial purchase.

The continent became a battlefield of the Cold War in the late 20th century. Some democratically elected governments of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Uruguay and Paraguay were overthrown or displaced by military dictatorships in the s and s.

Economically, they began a transition to neoliberal economic policies. Throughout the s and s, Peru suffered from an internal conflict.

Argentina and Britain fought the Falklands War in Colombia has had an ongoing, though diminished internal conflict, which started in with the creation of Marxist guerrillas FARC-EP and then involved several illegal armed groups of leftist-leaning ideology as well as the private armies of powerful drug lords.

Many of these are now defunct, and only a small portion of the ELN remains, along with the stronger, though also greatly reduced, FARC. These leftist groups smuggle narcotics out of Colombia to fund their operations, while also using kidnapping, bombings, land mines and assassinations as weapons against both elected and non-elected citizens.

Revolutionary movements and right-wing military dictatorships became common after World War II , but since the s, a wave of democratization passed through the continent, and democratic rule is widespread now.

Historically, the Hispanic countries were founded as Republican dictatorships led by caudillos. In the late 19th century, the most democratic countries were Brazil , [51] Chile , Argentina and Uruguay.

In the interwar period, nationalism grew stronger on the continent, influenced by countries like Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy.

In the late 20th century, during the Cold War , many countries became military dictatorships under American tutelage in attempts to avoid the influence of the Soviet Union.

After the fall of the authoritarian regimes, these countries became democratic republics. During the first decade of the 21st century, South American governments have drifted to the political left, with leftist leaders being elected in Chile, Uruguay, Brazil, Argentina, Ecuador, Bolivia, Paraguay, Peru and Venezuela.

Most South American countries are making increasing use of protectionist policies, helping local development. All South American countries are presidential republics with the exceptions of Peru, which is a semi-presidential republic , and Suriname , a parliamentary republic.

Also in the twentieth century, Suriname was established as a constituent kingdom of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and Guyana retained the British monarch as head of state for 4 years after its independence.

Recently, an intergovernmental entity has been formed which aims to merge the two existing customs unions: Mercosur and the Andean Community , thus forming the third-largest trade bloc in the world.

South America has over million [1] inhabitants and a population growth rate of about 0. There are several areas of sparse demographics such as tropical forests , the Atacama Desert and the icy portions of Patagonia.

On the other hand, the continent presents regions of high population density, such as the great urban centers.

The population is formed by descendants of Europeans mainly Spaniards , Portuguese and Italians , Africans and indigenous peoples.

There is a high percentage of mestizos that vary greatly in composition by place. There is also a minor population of Asians , especially in Brazil.

The two main languages are by far Spanish and Portuguese, followed by French, English and Dutch in smaller numbers. Spanish and Portuguese are the most spoken languages in South America, with approximately million speakers each.

Spanish is the official language of most countries, along with other native languages in some countries. Portuguese is the official language of Brazil.

Dutch is the official language of Suriname ; English is the official language of Guyana , although there are at least twelve other languages spoken in the country, including Portuguese , Chinese , Hindustani and several native languages.

At least three South American indigenous languages Quechua, Aymara, and Guarani are recognized along with Spanish as national languages.

Welsh remains spoken and written in the historic towns of Trelew and Rawson in the Argentine Patagonia. There are also small clusters of Japanese -speakers in Brazil, Colombia and Peru.

Crypto-Jews or Marranos , conversos , and Anusim were an important part of colonial life in Latin America. Korean Confucianism is especially found in Brazil while Chinese Buddhism and Chinese Confucianism have spread throughout the continent.

Kardecist Spiritism can be found in several countries. Part of Religions in South America Genetic admixture occurs at very high levels in South America.

The native European population is also a significant element in most other former Portuguese colonies. People who identify as of primarily or totally European descent , or identify their phenotype as corresponding to such group, are more of a majority in Argentina, [64] and Uruguay [65] and more than half of the population of Chile Mestizos mixed European and Amerindian are the largest ethnic group in Paraguay, Venezuela, Colombia [71] and Ecuador and the second group in Peru.

South America is also home to one of the largest populations of Africans. In many places indigenous people still practice a traditional lifestyle based on subsistence agriculture or as hunter-gatherers.

There are still some uncontacted tribes residing in the Amazon Rainforest. The most populous country in South America is Brazil with The second largest country is Colombia with a population of 48,, Argentina is the third most populous country with 43,, While Brazil, Argentina, and Colombia maintain the largest populations, large city populations are not restricted to those nations.

These cities are the only cities on the continent to exceed eight million, and three of five in the Americas.

Five of the top ten metropolitan areas are in Brazil. Whilst the majority of the largest metropolitan areas are within Brazil, Argentina is host to the second largest metropolitan area by population in South America: South America has also been witness to the growth of megapolitan areas.

The top ten largest South American metropolitan areas by population as of , based on national census numbers from each country:.

Since , the continent has experienced remarkable growth and diversification in most economic sectors. Most agricultural and livestock products are destined for the domestic market and local consumption.

However, the export of agricultural products is essential for the balance of trade in most countries. The main agrarian crops are export crops, such as soy and wheat.

The production of staple foods such as vegetables, corn or beans is large, but focused on domestic consumption.

Livestock raising for meat exports is important in Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay and Colombia. In tropical regions the most important crops are coffee , cocoa and bananas , mainly in Brazil, Colombia and Ecuador.

Traditionally, the countries producing sugar for export are Peru, Guyana and Suriname, and in Brazil, sugar cane is also used to make ethanol.

On the coast of Peru, northeast and south of Brazil, cotton is grown. Fifty percent of the South American surface is covered by forests, but timber industries are small and directed to domestic markets.

In recent years, however, transnational companies have been settling in the Amazon to exploit noble timber destined for export.

The Pacific coastal waters of South America are the most important for commercial fishing. The anchovy catch reaches thousands of tons, and tuna is also abundant Peru is a major exporter.

The capture of crustaceans is remarkable, particularly in northeastern Brazil and Chile. In the tourism sector, a series of negotiations began in to promote tourism and increase air connections within the region.

Industries in South America began to take on the economies of the region from the s when the Great Depression in the United States and other countries of the world boosted industrial production in the continent.

From that period the region left the agricultural side behind and began to achieve high rates of economic growth that remained until the early s when they slowed due to political instabilities, economic crises and neoliberal policies.

Since the end of the economic crisis in Brazil and Argentina that occurred in the period from to , which has led to economic recession , rising unemployment and falling population income, the industrial and service sectors have been recovering rapidly.

All of South America after this period has been recovering and showing good signs of economic stability, with controlled inflation and exchange rates, continuous growth, a decrease in social inequality and unemployment—factors that favor industry.

The main industries are: The economic gap between the rich and poor in most South American nations is larger than on most other continents.

Pot 1 contained the hosts Brazil who were automatically assigned to position A1 and the best two teams, pot 2 contained the next best three teams, and so on for pots 3 and 4.

The teams from Pot 1 would be assigned to position 1 in their group, while the teams from Pots 2, 3 and 4 would be drawn to one of the positions 2, 3 or 4 in their group.

The two guest teams, Japan and Qatar, which were seeded in different pots, could not be drawn in the same group.

The match schedule was announced on 18 December From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. First match es will be played on 14 June Itaipava Arena Fonte Nova , Salvador.

First match es will be played on 15 June First match es will be played on 16 June O Globo in Portuguese. Retrieved 26 October Allianz recebe os outros jogos em SP" in Portuguese.

Retrieved 5 April Retrieved 12 April Retrieved 4 May Retrieved 19 October Retrieved 18 December UOL Esporte in Portuguese.

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Also in the twentieth century, Suriname was established as a constituent kingdom of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and Rubbellose gratis retained the British monarch as head of state for 4 years after its independence. Therefore, South America and Africa torjäger bundesliga 16/17 similar fossils and rock layers. This lopoca online casino needs to be updated. Michael Joseph, Chile annexed territories of both countries leaving Bolivia with no path to the sea. At one point, the Argentine government was kostenlose csgo skins a fifth of its entire yearly budget for just two dreadnoughts, a price that did not include later in-service costs, which for the Brazilian dreadnoughts was sixty percent of the initial purchase. Traditional lifestyle includes llama herding. In Brazil hosted the Summer Olympics. Brazil and Argentina are the only South American countries that generate nuclear vegas casino wallpapereach with two nuclear power plants. This began the Spanish American wars of independence between the patriots, who promoted such dart european tour, and the royalistswho supported Spanish authority over the Americas. Oxford Atlas of World History. Meanwhile, the Argentine Civil Wars plagued Argentina since its independence. Der Titelverteidiger qualifiziert sich direkt für die Gruppenphase. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am Darüber hinaus tritt er ebenfalls im folgenden Jahr gegen den Gewinner des japanischen Ligapokals um wer hat gewonnen portugal oder polen Copa Suruga Bank an. Innerhalb von drei Minuten dreht Napoli die Jungs von Lazio auf links und trifft durch Callejon und Milik gleich doppelt. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte.

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